Renault were pioneering French car manufacturers, their trade mark look being the coal scuttle bonnets and mid positioned radiators, building small and large cars. Post war the 4CV was popular, ending production in 1961 when over a million had been made. They built bigger cars too (the all independent Fregate), but 1956 was the start of the rear engined Dauphine, the 4CV's replacement. then there was the Renault 4 which was the Dauphines replacement but with front mounted engine and more influenced by the 2CV, of which some 8 million were sold by the time production ceased in 1992. In 1962 came the Renault 8 (the Big Dauphine) to be replaced 3 years later by the 10 , the same year the Renault 16 was announced. A bigger engined 16 was the 16TS. There was a lot of activity at Renault in 1968 with a new Renault 6, to fill the gap between the Renaults 4 and 16, and in 1969 a Renault 12 was introduced. In 1971 the 15 and 17 arrived to try and deal in the market place with cars such as the Opel Manta and Ford Capri. Also in 1970 came the ever popular Renault 5, the Alpine and Alpine Turbo versions becoming icons.