Henry Ford opened the first factory outside the USA in Britain, in 1911, to build the Model T, and later the Model A. This was at Trafford Park near the Manchester Ship Canal, where all mechanical parts were sent from the USA and assembled , with local sourced bodywork fitted. Ford rapidly became the biggest selling car in the UK and by 1919 over 40% of the cars sold were Ford! The move to Dagenham was in 1932, having originally bought the site 9 years previously realising that somewhere was needed where there would be easier access to larger ships. When the Dagnham plant was built it was the largest car factory outside the USA, with its own foundry and power station. Ford UK specialised in smaller cars as well as assembling their American imported V8's. Post 1945 the Anglias and Prefects reappeared, followed by the V8 Pilots. By 1950 the Consul and Zephyr, the 6 cylinder Zephyr, with the luxury version being the Zodiac. The uprated Anglia 105E came in 1960, which also became the dominant engine in Formula Junior. In 1960 Ford of Europe was formed, by joining up the UK and German Ford companies to produce the same product, with the advantage of circumventing some production loss during the incessant industrial strike action that led to Britain being referred to as the sick man of Europe. A huge success was the Ford Cortina of which a million were sold between 1962 and 1970, the German version being the Taunus. Then came the Corsair and Escort Mk1, followed by the baby Mustang, the Ford Capri Mk1 of which again 1 million were sold up to 1977 when production ceased.
Ford Germany started in 1925 in rented premises in Berlin assembling first their Model T and by 1928 the replacement Model A, but all on a relatively small scale. When General Motors took control of Opel in 1929, Ford responded the same year by acquiring a 40 acre plot at Cologne with access from the Rhine. Initially building assembled Model A from delivered parts, by the middle of 1931 it was making them, followed by the Model B and their own Ford Koln (aka Ford Model Y). But sales were never approaching that of the General Motors Opel brand. . .